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Date modified 28 mrt 2020

From branch to branch

This page reveals some of the data found in the archives about ancestors further back than our great-grandparents. these ancestors are categorized in four groups of names: TROMPETTER, HARST, GEEST and BOS - the last names of our parents without prefixes. Each ancestor in the story below is followed by an identifier which consists of the group name followed by a number and which links to the genealogical database. The number corresponds with the sosa number of the person in the family tree which has our parent as proband (strain).

The Jewish branch

Henny's mother is of Jewish origin, all her discovered ancestors are of Jewish origin. It was obviously not accepted to marry someone of an other religion - something also very common to Roman Catholics and Protestants in pre WW2 Netherlands.
All these families have - for as far we can track - their roots in Germany and Poland. In the 18th and 19h century they settled in the Netherlands. Most of them are referred to in the archives as having a profession of "merchant" in general this can be interpreted as market or door-to-door salesman.
Examples are:

ASHKENAZ, Simon (Zimle) Jacob (TROMPETTER-34)
was married with Feijla Alexander Reens (TROMPETTER-35), they lived in the Jewish quarter of Amsterdam, in a street called Vinkenbuurt, a street at the backside of the houses on the west-side of the Rapenburgerstraat on the former island Rapenburg. Their son Alexander adopted the surname Reens in 1812, the name that his mother used. Feijla remarried with Salomon David Kanits and died at the age of 75 in 1812 in the Rapenburgerstraat.

BENJAMINS, Judith (TROMPETTER-57)
married at the age of 28 to the 22 year old Emanuel Hijmans Danziger (TROMPETTER-56) in 1758 and then lived in the Vinkenbuurt in Amsterdam (see Simon Jacob Askhenaz), her parents had already died. It is not entirely certain that she is the mother of the 3 traced children of Emanuel, but according to a reliable source (Moshe Mossel of Akevoth) she was buried in 1788 at the Jewish cemetery "Zeeburg" of Amsterdam as wife of Emanuel Hijmans Danziger.

v.DANTZIG, David Benjaminsz (TROMPETTER-15)
was merchant, lived in the Groenesteeg at Leiden, his wife Roosje de WOLF (TROMPETTER-16) was maid-servant.

DENNEBOOM, Israël Joseph (TROMPETTER-25)
was merchant in Beilen and came from Neuenhaus in the Bentheim county.

d.HAAS, Abraham Philippus (TROMPETTER-13)
was at the time of his marriage in 1839 male-servant, later he became a merchant and religious teacher.

TROMPETTER, David Joel (TROMPETTER-3)
was founder and owner of a tailory in the Schutstraat and tailor's shop in the Hoofdstraat at Hoogeveen, he also owned two houses in the Coevorderstraatweg and invested his savings in mortgages, i.e. in Berlin. His grandfather David Heiman (TROMPETTER-12) was a merchant from Hoorn, he settled in Beilen where he married Henderica Denneboom (TROMPETTER-13).

v.WIJNBERGEN, Abraham (TROMPETTER-7)
was cheese-grocer in Gouda, he lived there e.g. at the Blekersingel.

d.WOLF, Samuel (TROMPETTER-31)
was shopkeeper/merchant at Leiden, he lived e.g. at the Raamsteeg, came from Amsterdam and settled in 1796 in Leiden. Wolf was the first name of his father Wolf Samuel (TROMPETTER-62).

People from the old cities of Holland

The four oldest cities of Holland were Delft, Dordrecht, Haarlem and Leiden. The population growth of these cities slowed at the end of the 17th century, while the originally much smaller cities Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague kept on growing afterwards.

People from Delft

A big part of Hans's ancestors have lived in Delft.
Since old times Delft was a city of importance, where you could feel safe thanks to the city walls and where was room for city provisions such as care for the poor, aged and ill people. On the other hand, disasters like the explosion of the ammunition depot at 12 October 1654 and the Great Fire at 3 May 1536, must have struck some of Hans's ancestors significantly.
Hans made an overview on Google Maps of all the locations that could be trace where Delft ancestors have lived, see maps.google.com. On this map, the red pins point to locations where ancestors have lived but whose houses no longer exist, the yellow pins point to locations where ancestors have lived and whose houses are still there.
Some of these people from Delft are:

BEECK, Jannetje Gerrits (BOS-161)
has reached a very high age, she died in 1764 at the age of 91 in the charity home of the poor, located in the Schoolsteeg, as a widow of Robertus Bonaert (BOS-160).
Just like her father Gerrit Jansz Beeck (BOS-322), who was a tailor, she lived in the Hopsteeg.

v.BEEMEN, Maghtelt (BOS-137)
was an orphan child at the age of 13 after the death of her mother Geertrui Hoeckgeest (BOS-275), she married Barent Verhage (BOS-136) in 1737, her sister Maria had married Wouter Verhage, Barent's brother, a year earlier. Maghtelt and Maria came from the Vlamingstraat. Maghtelt was only 34 years old when she died, probably in childbirth.
Her father Marijnus (BOS-274) was born in Leiden, his father Marijnus Cornelisz (BOS-548) had moved from Leiden to Delft, but he was born again (in 1634) in Delft, so his father Cornelis Reijersz (BOS-1096) had moved from Delft to Leiden. Only from Marijnus Cornelisz is a profession known, he was a leather trainer (who made the already tanned leather suitable for use as a garment).

v.d.BEMDE/BENDE, Elisabeth Jans (GEEST-759)
lived on the corner of the Rietveld and Verwersdijk. Her grandfather Abraham Jansz (GEEST-3036) was a napkin weaver and lived in The Hague before he married Trijntgen Jans (GEEST-3037) in 1612 in Delft. they lived in Delft in the Quartelaarsteeg, the current Doelenstraat. We meet two children of Jan Abrahamsz (GEEST-1518) (Elisabeth's father) in an orphanage act after the death of their childless aunt Bastiaentgen Abrahams their father had died before. We see a brother Arij of Elisabeth in the criminal book of Delft, he was killed in drowning in 1690, 28 years old.

d.BLIJ, Dirkje (BOS-43)
is great grandmother of Hans his great grandmother Elisabeth Bonardt (BOS-5). Many of her ancestors were employed in the faience industry, see below. Her father Jacobus (BOS-86) married Neeltje van Schie (BOS-87) at the age of almost 19 in 1764. They probably lived in the house where his father Jacobus (BOS-172) and his grandfather Joannis (BOS-344) also lived at the end of the north side of the Vlamingstraat. Daniel (BOS-688), father of Joannis, lived on the north side of the Nieuwe Langendijk. Jan Thomasz (BOS-1376) lived in the Doorniksteeg, most probably he is the son of Thomas de Blij (BOS-2752) and Grietgen Aelberts de Roij (BOS-2753), who married in 1628 in Utrecht. This Thomas was a soldier in the garrison of Captain Berington at Utrecht. We find about 50 wedding acts of soldiers of this garrison in Utrecht between 1626 and 1647. If we look at the names of these soldiers, it seems that the vast majority are of British descent, this probably also applied to Thomas de Blij, who according to his marriage certificate was also called Beijlij (a corruption of Bailey)?

v.d.BLOCK, Clasina (BOS-339)
is probably the daughter of Claes Willemsz (BOS-678) who was skipper and lived at the Veste near the Haagpoort (near the Noordeinde). He died in 1673, 2 1/2 years after his marriage to Maritie Lourus van Maelen (BOS-679).

v.BOECKELT, Jannitge Jans (BOS-697)
was the daughter of ship's mate Jan Jansz (BOS-1394) and Maertje Reijniers van Roeckhout (BOS-1395). Her parents lived in the Zuideinde and the Achterom

BOL, Lijsbeth Reijniers (BOS-419)
was baptized in 1644 in Leiden, lived in Delft at the Molslaan and was married in 1673 in Nootdorp to Johannis Evertsz van Kempen (BOS-418). After his death she remarried 10 years later in Delft to Johan Aelbrechtsz, a soldier. Both her father Reijnier Hendricksz (BOS-838) and her first husband worked in the cloth industry, Johannes Evertsz in Delft, Reijnier Hendricksz in Leiden. Like his daughter, Reijnier was married twice, first in 1643 to Jeanne Florquijn (BOS-839), and shortly thereafter in 1646 to Susannetge Moote. Reijnier was from Goch.

BONARDT, Elisabeth (BOS-5)
is great grandmother of Hans and was married in 1886 to Johannes Wilhelmus van den Bos (BOS-4). She died on December 23, 1944 - in the middle of the hunger winter - at the age of 84. Their first child, Wilhelmus Johannes van den Bos (BOS-2), Hans's grandfather, was born 3 weeks after the marriage. Likewise, Elisabeth herself was born only 2 months after the marriage of her parents, Hermanus Johannes (BOS-10) and Dirkje van der Linden (BOS-11). Hermanus Johannes was a saddlemaker, this family first lived in the Gasthuislaan, but moved to the Beestenmarkt in 1887. Apart from being a saddlemaker he was active between 1861 and 1877 with the purchase and sale of properties in Delft.
Hermanus Johannes's parents are Robertus (BOS-20) and Elizabeth van der Lee (BOS-21). Robertus is listed as a Catholic in the population register of Delft, Elizabeth as Reformed, their first 2 children were baptized Catholic, the last 3 (including Hermanus Johannes) Reformed.
The parents of this Robertus are Robertus (BOS-40) and Aleidis Kunen (BOS-41). This Robertus was previously married to Sophia Lennaars in Leiden and lived there in a street called Vrouwenkamp, ​​but in 1786, 2 years after Sophia's death, he remarried in The Hague to the 13-year younger Aleidis. He was a master carpenter and lived on Oude Langendijk in Delft, where he also had his shop and workshop. He also owned two houses on the north side of the Broerhuissteeg and three plots on the east side of the Beestenmarkt, in the corner of the square, near the Molslaan. As a carpenter he would have been involved in the construction of a Roman Catholic Church, where he would have made the benches, probably this concerns the church between the Oude Langendijk and Burgwal, then called St Joseph's Church and then with the entrance to the Oude Langendijk, a predecessor to the present Maria van Jessekerk, very close from where he lived. There is a reasonably detailed inventory of assets after his death, including all assets and debts.
The father of this Robertus was also called Robertus (BOS-80). He was married to Johanna Maria Meijsmans (BOS-81) in 1736, they lived in the VanderMastenstraat for a long time. He is probably the Robbert Bonnaert we find in the archives of the VOC: he traveled to Batavia in November 1729 (Robert was 19 years old at the time), not as a crew member, but as a passenger. He was appointed as a carpenter in Batavia, but returned to Delft in 1734.
Finally, the name of the oldest ancestor of this line is Robertus (BOS-160), a soldier who married the widow Jannetje Gerrits Beeck (BOS-161) in 1700 in Delft. He bought a house in the Poppesteeg on October 14, 1706. He died in 1742, the act mentions that he was "a soldier among the disabled". Since 1726, five companies existed for old and disabled soldiers in the garrison cities of Delft, Woerden, Woudrichem, Naarden and Klundert. These "soldiers" were usually still able to do light work and received benefits for services rendered by "The Republic of the Seven United Netherlands" (source: genealogienonline.nl - Aad van der Heiden).

BONGER, Lijsbeth Leenders (BOS-835)
was married in 1636 in Rijswijk to Jacob Davidsz Beun, a ship's mate who lived on the Brabantse Turfmarkt, he died before 1642. In 1644 she married Laurens la Rath (BOS-836). She was the daughter of Leenert Jans Bonger (BOS-1670) and Gillisge Gillis (BOS-1671) and came from the Achtersack, also called Verlengde Pieterstraat. Her father had bought the house on the south side of the Achtersack at the beginning of the 17th century from the Chamber of Charitate for fl 535.

BOOT, Trijntgen Joris (BOS-1129)
was the daughter of Joris Pietersz (BOS-2258) and Trijntge Jans (BOS-2259), who lived in the southern part of the city, on the Geer, Molsteeg and later on the south side of the Pieterstraat. Joris was first a grain meter and bearer, but in 1621 he was appointed city trumpeter at the Town Hall. He died in 1641 in the Oude Mannenhuis.

v.d.BOS, Wilhelmus Johannes (BOS-2)
is Hans' grandfather and was saddler as mentioned under "Crisis Years". He probably learned that profession with Dirk Robertus Bonardt, his uncle, who practiced that profession at the Beestenmarkt in 1908 at least. W.J. has moved into the same building, the second building around the corner from the Burgwal, a narrow building that is nowadays merged with the larger corner building called "Belvédère" of which the round tower stands out. Such a turret is a typical feature of a very old spiral staircase (you will also find it at the building on the corner of the Cameretten and the Voldersgracht) and strongly suggests that it was part of the original castle that bordered on it Friars Minor Monastery. The monastery, popularly called "the Broerhuis", was damaged during the Reformation. In 1595 the monastery was demolished and the remaining square used for cattle markets, the Beestenmarkt (source: Wikipedia). After he had to give up his job as a saddler, he established himself as a greengrocer in a corner building on the Hof van Delftlaan, after his retirement the store was taken over by his eldest son (Koos) and he moved with his wife Elisabeth Knip (BOS-3) to the Mackaystraat, where he died at the age of 82.
His father Johannes Wilhelmus (BOS-4) was a shoemaker. When he married Elisabeth Bonardt (BOS-5), he was living with his in-laws, according to the population registers. Elisabeth was pregnant at the time, 23 days after the marriage Hans' s grandfather was born. At that time they lived in the Gasthuislaan, but in 1886 Johannes Wilhelmus settled at his own address in the Gasthuislaan, and a year later the Bonardt family moved to the Beestenmarkt.
We know about his father Willem Johannes (BOS-8) that he was also a shoemaker and married at a young age (22 years) in 1861 to the 21-year-old Margaretha Beute (BOS-9) from Steenwijk. She was also very pregnant, 5 days after the marriage Hans's great - grandfather was born. Of the 9 children the couple had, 6 were stillborn, one day after the birth of their last child, Margaretha died at the age of 37. They lived in the Gasthuislaan. Margaretha's younger brother, Marten, lived with them for some time.
The father of W.J. was Johannes Wilhelmus (BOS-16), we find him in the acts as a porter and mason, living in the Gasthuislaan. He reached the age of 48. His wife Magdaleena Verhaagen (BOS-17) was a cleaning lady. She was not pregnant at the time of their marriage in 1835, but more than a year before the marriage a child of unnamed father was born, who, died within fifteen minutes after birth. In the birth and death certificate of this child, Willem van den Bos, a younger brother of J. W., is mentioned as a witness.
Jan Willem (BOS-32) the next ancestor in the branch, was a mason and mason's servant. Angenieta or (nickname) Niesie Vileers (BOS-33) was his wife. They lived in the Poppesteeg and later in the Achtersack, an extension of the Pieterstraat.
Jan (BOS-64), father of the latter was a tailor. He was married to Willemina Jakoba Schindelaars (BOS-65). They lived in the Gasthuislaan.
Adriaen (BOS-128), lived at the time of his marriage in the Vlamingstraat. His wife was Johanna Mensert (BOS-129), they married on 8 May 1729, exactly 40 years after the marriage date of his parents.
His father Joris (BOS-256) was a fabric worker and lived at the Oosteinde when he married Margrieta Pingart (BOS-257). Later they moved to the Vlamingstraat and the Raam. He died at the age of 87.
From his father Jan Willemsz. (BOS-512) and his wife Arijaentje Jans (BOS-513) we have an act of legacy of his meager estate, see also: The Golden Age. They had 11 children together, 5 of which were still alive in 1677. Presumably their oldest son, Willem - who was a button maker - and his wife Petronella Salomons took care of the younger children.

v.d.BRANT, Anneken Ariens (GEEST-1519)
we discovered her marriage act in Delft of 1643 when she married Jan Abrahamsz van der Bende (GEEST-1518). She and her parents lived in the north side of the city, when she married she lived in the Vissteeg, when she died, she lived in the Geerweg. Thanks to an Orphan chamber act, we were able to find her parents and her father's last name. Her parents both came from Antwerp, they lived on the south side of the Molenstraat.

v.d.BURCH, Cornelis Jacobsz (BOS-2126)
was pottery baker in 1623.

CANEIJ, Frans Jansz (GEEST-376)
lived around 1705 in the Dirklangenstraat, just like his son Jan (GEEST-188) who was a shoemaker. Jan's granddaughter Adriana (GEEST-47) was a fruitseller.

v.CLEEFF, Jan Jansz (BOS-2754)
was a soldier in 1626.

CLOETINGH, Joris Andriesz (BOS-1036)
was in 1645 a master book printer and seller in Delft, just like his son Sijmon (BOS-518), brother Jan and Jan's son Andries. The house where as well Joris Andriesz as his son Sijmon have lived in the Hippolytusbuurt is momentarily a restaurant: Bistro de Pijpenla. The restaurant advertises with the names of the previous owners. In 1668 Simon is mentioned as an arts trader in "'t Vergulde Tafelboeck" at the Noordeinde. His uncle Jan and cousin Andries had a store called "'t Gulden ABC" at the Markt, the house still carries that name.

v.ELTERENBERGH, Dirck Cornelisz (GEEST-756)
lived at the Verwersdijk, just like his father-in-law Cent Leendertsz v.HELDE (GEEST-1514) who was a brewer's servant. Dirck's granddaughter, Arijaantie Elterenberg (GEEST-189) lived at the Achterom.

d.HENGST, Jan Pietersz (BOS-556)
came from Delfshaven and lived at the Voldersgracht in Delft. His son Pieter (BOS-278) was employed at the V.O.C., he is mentioned twice in trips of a ship called the Donkervliet to Batavia, in 1701, resp. 1704. During the first trip he was sailor, during the second trip he was a cannoneer.

HOUCKGEEST, Jan Ottensz (BOS-2200)
lived in around 1625 in the Doelenstraat. Afterwards his son Jacob (BOS-1100) lived there. Jacob owned also a house in the Molenstraat at the northside of the Verwersdijk and a house at the Verwersdijk. His son Pieter (BOS-550) inherited these houses.

HUIJGEBAERT, Carel (BOS-5528)
lived in the Yperstraat in about 1635. After his death, his widow Catalina Bollerts (BOS-5529) and later also his son Pieter (BOS-2764) were living there. Pieter owned a house in the Vlamingstraat and then was owner of a drapery, where wool was converted in cloth.

IJDINCK, Wessel (BOS-558)
lived around 1670 at the Brabantse Turfmarkt on the corner of the Pieterstraat, he was a soldier.

KEERWEER, Arien Gerritsz (BOS-2230)
was in 1625 beercarrier and lived outside the Rotterdam gate at the present Werfpad.

LAMEIJ
The name LAMEIJ can be traced back to Jacques AMIJ (BOS-832) who married Anne Pieters Le FEBVRE in 1652 in Delft in the French (=Wallon) church. After the death of his father (in 1661) the care for their only child Pieter (BOS-416) (at an age of 5) was transferred to the Orphan chamber of the City of Delft. A similar fate suffered their grand children (in 1688) after the death of their father. The parents of their great grand children however had built a capital in 1729 which could afford them to exclude the Orphan chamber by means of a notary act. (The only way to prevent the Orphan chamber to put a claim on the possessions of orphans and their remaining parent, was by creating a testament at a notary.)
LAMEIJ, Jacobus (BOS-208) lived in the Molstraat in ca 1710. His grandson Jacobus (BOS-52) lived at the Beestenmarkt on the corner of the Korte Broerhuissteeg. His son Jacobus (BOS-26) was bread baker at the same location in 1832. The bakery was located next to a house which was owned by his mother Johanna GÖBEL (BOS-53).

v.d.LEE, Adrijaen Jansz (BOS-672)
lived around 1670 in the Gasthuislaan on the corner of the Brabantse Turfmarkt. His descendant Philippus Johannes (BOS-42) was a shop owner around 1800.

LIGTENBERGH
Gerridtje Luchtenburgh (BOS-281) lived at the time of her death, in 1729, at the Geerweg in "de Schenkkan". Her father, Nicolaes (BOS-562) came from Coblenz and also lived at the Geerweg, he was a soldier and served under Captain Moor in Ireland and under Captain Duijst. This is revealed in a notary act describing the desertion of a clerk in England. The man had lost the weekly wages of the soldiers during gambling in Ireland and was punished by hanging with his hands tied to the gallow while his feet could stand on small poles. He was also fired but as a way of grace was hired again under the title of "bad soldier". After the regiment had moved to England, the man deserted.
Based on this testimony it is likely that Nicolaes Ligtenberg was member of the "Blue Guards", see wikipedia, who fought at the side of William III against the English and Irish catholics. This is remarkable because Nicolaes was catholic himself, two of his children were baptised in the parish of St Hippolytus at the Bagijnhof.
At the time of his wedding, in January 1678, Nicolaas was member of the guardes under captain Hornbergh. This captain died in August 1678 at the battle for Saint-Denis (near Mons/Bergen) in Belgium, probably Nicolaas will have participated in that battle.

v.OOSTERHOUT, Gerrit Jansz(BOS-560)
lived in 1680 at the Verwersdijk. His son Jacob (BOS-280) lived in the southwest corner of the Beestenmarkt.

OOSTERWIJCK, Gijsbrecht Jorisz (BOS-1346)
was skipper around 1630.

OUTSHOORN, Jacob Leendertsz (BOS-340)
was in ca 1705 owner of two parcels on the corner of the present Van Slingelandtstraat / Kwekerijstraat.

POELENBURCH, Jacob Cornelisz (BOS-11068)
was in 1599 master surgeon in Delft just like his son Jacob (BOS-5534). The first mentioned lived in the Choorstraat and probably later at the Kolk. His granddaughter Maeritgen (BOS-2767) lived at the Markt close to the Oudemanhuissteeg.

v.d.POST, Pieter Crijnen (GEEST-170)
owned around 1715 a parcel in the Molslaan.

v.RIJSSELBERCH, Harmen Ariensz (BOS-2124)
was cooper around 1640, he lived in the Pieterstraat. His son Arien (BOS-1062) lived in the same house and also owned two neighboring parcels.

v.d.ROER, Heijndrick Dirckszn (BOS-1114)
bought in 1663 a house in the Papenstraat, he was a trader in pots.

ROMEIJN, Joannes Claeszn (GEEST-84)
owned around 1740 parcels in the Harmenkokslaan, Hopstraat and the Rietveld.

v.SCHIE, Huijbrecht Amen (BOS-348)
owned around 1710 two parcels in the Breestraat and one on the corner of the Gasthuislaan / Pieterstraat. His widow Neeltje SPANJERSBERGH (BOS-349) lived at the Lange Geer. Huibregt's grandfather Cornelis MICHIELszn (BOS-1392) was farmer and came from Schie.

SIGON, Gerardus (GEEST-10)
was carrier in 1841.

v.d.SLEIJDE, Jan Sipriaenszn (BOS-1034)
was merchant in wood around 1620, hij lived at the Markt.

SPANJERSBERGH, Cornelis Claeszn (BOS-2216)
was agricultural labourer and coming from Schie. He joins three branches Spanjersberg by means of his sons Pouwels (BOS-1108), Arijen (BOS-1396) and Cornelis (BOS-2984).
Pouwels owned a number of parcels at the Rotterdamseweg. His son Jan (BOS-554) was earth washer (for the faience industry) just outside the Rotterdam gate in Delft. A notary document from 1690 of Delfshaven reveals that earth was delivered for him coming from Gent, Flanders. He owned two houses at the Achterom.
Cornelis's son Arent (BOS-1492) lived at the Zuideinde.

SPROCKENBURCH, Jacob Maertenszn (BOS-1362)
was farmer in ca 1630 and owned a parcel at the Gasthuislaan.

VERHAAGEN, Jan Teunisz (BOS-544)
was in 1675 a soldier in Delft. He lived in the Vlamingstraat, just like his son Wouter (BOS-272). Wouter's son Barent (BOS-136) lived in the Pieterstraat. His grandson Johannes (BOS-34) was pottery baker, his daughter Magdaleena (BOS-17) was a cleaning lady.
VIELEERS, Pieter (BOS-132) lived in a decayed house at the Achterom that was offered to him by the Mayors in 1767.

d.VREE, Arent (BOS-270)
owned around 1720 two parcels at the Achterom and a house on the corner of the Giststraat / Lange Geer, where later his widow Angeniesje v.WESTHOORN (BOS-271) lived and his son-in-law Abraham v.RHOON (BOS-134).

v.WESTHOORN, Teunis Dirckszn (BOS-542)
owned a parcel located behind the corner of the Giststraat and the Achterom. In his daughter Angeniesje v.WESTHOORN (BOS-351 = BOS-271) (see also d.VREE) two branches merge, one branch is her daughter Dirckie ACKERSDIJCK (BOS-175), from her marriage with Dirck ACKERSDIJCK (BOS-350). The other is her daughter Johanne d.VREE (BOS-135), from her marriage with Arent d.VREE (BOS-270).

WINGERTRANCK, Michiel Davith (BOS-422)
owned in ca 1685 two opposing parcels in the Hopstraat. His father carried the name OVAIN which was changed into WINGERTRANCK. He was married to Jenne MEUNIER (BOS-423) whose name was changed into Jannetge MOLENAER.

People in the Delft Faience industry

With so many ancestors who lived in Delft, it is almost evident that some of them have worked for the faience industry, where the famous "Delft Blue" was (is) being manufactured. In particular, the following two families that are related to each other have a number of family members who were employed in the faience industry: Van HAMME and VERHAGEN. We meet them from the beginning of the 17th century to the end of the 19th century.
Jan Janszn van Hamme (BOS-1094) who himself was a carpenter, had a brother-in-law Diert Jacobs who was a faience painter and lived in the Broerhuisstraat, a brother Wouter who was a faience baker who lived at the Beestenmarkt and a brother Aerijen who was a faience baker and lived in the Molslaan. The latter had a son Jan who from 1660 to 1676 owned the faience bakery "De Dubbelde Schenkkan" (source: Delftse Geelbakkers van de Lucasgilde, pg 90). This Jan settled in Vauxhall in England in 1676 and took 16 workmen from Delft with him (source: Early English Delftware from London and Virginia - Noël Hume). One of the 16 was Hendrick Jansz Baillij a faience baker from the "Drie Postelijne Astonne" workshop. This Hendrick Jansz was a brother of Margueritte Baillij (BOS-545), who was married to Jan Theunisz Verhagen (BOS-544). Their son Wouter Verhagen (BOS-272) was married to Krijntien Pieters van Hasselt (BOS-273), granddaughter of the former Jan Janszn van Hamme.
Named Jan Teunisz Verhaagen and Margueritte Baillij are probably the parents of the somewhat famous mr faience painter Johannes Verhagen (presumably he is the painter who signed with IVH and whose work we find in the Rijksmuseum). Jan Teunisz is also grandfather of Barent Woutersz Verhagen (BOS-136), faience painter, who in turn was father of the faience painter Barent Verhagen (BOS-68). Barent was the father of the Johannis (BOS-34) who was faience baker. As last in this chain we see that Johannis's son Barent Willem also was a faience baker (last mentioned in 1871).
Returning to faience painter Barent Woutersz Verhagen: he was married to Maghtelt van Beemen (BOS-137) her brother Marinus was also a faience painter.
The De BLIJ and Van der LEE families also worked in the faience industry, in Jan Thomasz de Blij's (BOS-1376) orphanage act from 1694, we read that he was a faience painter, his son Daniel (BOS-688) was also a faience painter. The grandson of Daniel, Jacobus (BOS-172) and his son Jacobus (BOS-86) were faience bakers, just like the husband of his daughter Dirkje (BOS-43): Philippus Johannes van der Lee (BOS-42). This Philippus Johannes was the son of faience baker Harmanus van der Lee (BOS-84) whose great-grandfather Adrijaen Jansz (BOS-672) was faience worker in 1680. There is a birth dish of Pieter van der Lee, son of mentioned Harmanus, from 1774, not in Delft Blue, but Delft White, with golden letters and decoration (see VanderLee.net).
We come across Jan Thomasz de Blij in a notarial act of 1689 in which he is mentioned together with other faience bakers and painters as working for Roqeurus Hoppestein, who owned the faience bakery "Het Oude Moriaanshoofd" located on the south side of the Gasthuislaan. The Old and Young Morian Head were a spin-off from "Het Moriaanshoofd", these are all praised for their high quality products. The famous Johannes Verhagen has worked in "Het Jonge Moriaanshoofd".

People from Leiden

A considerable number of Henny's ancestors lived in Leiden, some Jewish, some Reformed ancestors. Hans also has a number of ancestors (from his father's side) who have lived in Leiden.
Leiden has traditionally known an important cloth industry that had a reputation because of the high quality of the fabrics and the colors used. The industry ensured international relations with the Southern Netherlands, Northern France and England in particular. When after the Reformation many Calvinists of French and South Netherlandish origin fled to Leiden - in proportion their number was significantly greater than for example in Delft - the Leiden cloth industry received a huge boost, the city grew within a hundred years time of around 15,000 inhabitants (in 1574) to 45,000 (in 1622) to around 70,000 in 1670 (source: wikipedia). New fabrics were produced, new technologies were introduced.
The ancestors of Albert's great-grandmother Johanna Blancher (HARST-11) were largely employed in the Leiden cloth industry.

ALTINGH, Josijntje (BOS-121)
had a twin sister called Engeltje. She lived at the Langebrug in Leiden when she married with Johan Martin Opperhuijser (BOS-121) in 1756. Her mother Maria Breukel (BOS-243) is mentioned as a witness at the wedding and then lived in Zwammerdam, this was also the town were she died in 1778. Her father Egbert (BOS-242) was a coachman in 1715, but in 1726 he is mentioned as the operator of the crane at the Waaghoofd in Leiden, he came from Holten. At their marriage in 1715, Egbert and Maria lived at Korte Rapenburg.

BENNIN(G), Christina (HARST-45)
was the grandmother of Johanna Blancher. Her father Jacob (HARST-90) was a blanket maker and lived in the Krauwelsteeg (merged with St Jorissteeg in about 1970), his father Willem (HARST-180) was also a blanket maker but lived at the Uiterstegracht, his father Jacob Teunissz (HARST-360) lived there before and was a napkin weaver, just like his father Teunis Jacobsz (HARST-720) who married in Leiden in 1673, but came from Woerden. Almost all of their children were baptized in the NH Hooglandse church (wikipedia).
In the Steenstraat you will still find a sewing machine shop that carries the name Benning, a family that therefore still more or less earns its living in the cloth industry and is probably related to the described family.

BLANCHER, Johanna (HARST-11)
is the mother of Henny her great-grandmother, Elisabeth Adriana Francisca Hase (HARST-5). Johanna was born 3 years before the marriage of her parents in The Hague, but was legalized at the marriage. Her ancestors lived in Leiden for a number of generations, her father Louwie Anthonie (HARST-22) moved to The Hague with his parents and married her mother Alida Willemina Godvree (HARST-23) there in 1818. They were apparently poor, because we meet him as a colonist in the (closed) peat colony of Ommerschans, near Ommen, where he died in 1842. The colony of Ommerschans was part of the working colonies founded by the "Maatschappij van Weldadigheid", just like Veenhuizen, Ommerschans was primarily a place where beggars and drunks (forced) were placed (see also "Ancestors from the head of Overijssel"). The father of Louwie Anthonie was called Hendrik (HARST-44), he was born in Leiden, married in Rotterdam, returned to Leiden, but moved to The Hague and died there, he was a tailor, 2 of his brothers Johannes and Pieter were wig makers. Hendrik's father Paul (HARST-88) was baptized in 1724 in the Walloon church in Leiden, almost all children of this line who were baptized in Leiden before 1730 were baptized in the Walloon church. Paul was a stocking maker and lived in the Coddesteeg. His father Jean (HARST-176) was also a stocking maker and lived on the Langegracht. Finally, Jean's father, Paul (HARST-352) was worker in the wool processing.

FLORQUIJN, Jeanne (BOS-839)
lived on the Langegracht, a street that was part of an urban expansion of 1611, she married Reijnier Hendricksz Bol (BOS-838) in 1643 in Leiden, but married before to Nicolas Wihogne in 1628 in Leiden. She probably died in 1645, because Reijnier remarried in 1646. The Florquijn family came from Aachen, it is mentioned at the marriages of a brother and a niece of Jeanne.

l.GRAND, Susanne (HARST-363)
was the mother of the below mentioned Maria van der Steen. At her marriage, in the Hooglandse Kerk, she was called "de Groot", but her father Jean (HARST-726) used the name "le Grand", for instance in the baptismal books of 8 of his 9 children in the (French/Walloon) Vrouwekerk (wikipedia). After the death of her husband Johannes Steen, Susanne remarried Frederick Smith in 1717, then she lived in the Breeport between the Vestestraat and the Uiterstegracht.

LAGERVEST, Barbel/Barbera Heijndricks (HARST-725)
was the grandmother of Maria van der Steen. Her father Henrick Jacobsz (HARST-1450) was a sawyer from Weesp, he married Debora Jans (HARST-1451), who came from Colchester, England, in 1610 in Leiden.

v.d.SCHIJF, Ariaentje (HARST-361)
was the great grandmother of Christina Benning. She was born in Woerden and lived on the Uiterstegracht when she married Jacob Teunissz Benning (HARST-360) in 1694, her first husband Jan Pinjier, a cloth worker, had died young. Her father Casper (HARST-722) had already died before her first marriage, as evidenced by a marriage contract in Leiden from 1684 by her mother Meijnsge Jans (HARST-723). Meijnsge lived when she married Andries Jansz Stroijsbergh in the Vrouwesteeg.

v.d.STEEN, Maria (HARST-181)
was the grandmother of Christina Benning. Her father Johannes (HARST-362) was a fur preparer and lived at the Uiterstegracht. His father Jasper (HARST-724) was a blanket maker and lived on the Nieuwe Rijn - a quay in the city center along the north side of the Nieuwe Rijn - he was the son of wool comber Jasper Jaspersz (HARST-1448) who came from his marriage from the street called Levendaal. Jasper Jaspersz father Jasper Jansz (HARST-2896) was also wool comber and came from Hondschote in the north of France, his wife Cathelijne Duponsen (HARST-2897) was from Kassel in the north of France.

People from Het Westland, Delfland and the Haaglanden region

A significant part of the ancestors of Hans have their roots in the villages and countryside near The Hague, Delft, Naaldwijk, Zoetermeer and Rotterdam. Hans created a map of the municipalities as they existed around 1870, these names appear in much older writings and then certainly do not follow the exact same borders, but the map gives us some idea of their location. Hans created another map with other local names of areas in the same region. Familynames from this region in Hans's tree are:
ACKERSDIJCK - BOEKESTEIJN - v.DUIJNEN - DIJCKXHOORN - v.GEEST - OOSTERLEE - OVERGAAG - v.SANTEN - v.SOLLEVELT - SPANJERSBERG - v.STAALDUIJNEN - v.VIJFSLUIZEN

ACKERSDIJCK

Two branches of our combined family tree carried the last name ACKERSDIJCK. The one goes back to Arent Hendricksz (BOS-2800), the other to Fop Leendertsz (BOS-5606) who also carried the name Van DIJCK and whose descendants also were named FOPPEN. The name Ackersdijck is obviously a toponym, it was the area were Arent and Fop lived and owned a farm, near where now are the Akkerdijkse plassen, north of Overschie.
The marriage of Aem Arentsz (BOS-1400) with Neeltge Phillips van Dijcxhooren (BOS-1401) connected both families, Neeltge was daughter of Annetge Foppen (BOS-2803), daughter of the mentioned Fop Leendertsz. Aam Arentsz and Neeltge Phillips lived at the northside of the Kethelweg in Vlaardingerambacht, just like his father Aam was a farmer. For some time he was also achtman in Vlaardingerambacht (Achtmannen were committed to maintain justice in an Ambacht, a small community). Aam owned grassland in the Babberspolder, south east of the Kethelweg. After his death, his abandoned house, barn, haystack and orchard were sold in 1674 for 420 guilders. His son Phillips Aamsz (BOS-700) moved from Vlaardingerambacht to the Madewerf, a farm in the Krakeelpolder near Delft. His son Dirck (BOS-350) lived at the Geer in Delft near the Giststeeg when he died in 1717.

BOEKESTEIJN/BOKESTIJN

BOKESTIJN, Klaasje (BOS-93) died in 1832 in Monster, but was born in De Lier. Her father Frank (BOS-186) lived in Maasland, but was also born in De Lier. All their forefathers in a straight paternal line that we could trace came from De Lier. The surname Bokestijn or Boekesteijn first appears in 1653 with Pieter Pietersz (BOS-1488). Before that time, he, his father and grandfather used the surname Verhoeck / Verhouck. Pieter Pietersz had bought an orchard on Burgerdijkseweg in De Lier in 1652 on a piece of land where in the Middle Ages a Motte-and-bailey castle called "Boekesteijn" had once stood. The castle was destroyed long ago - probably in the Hoekse and Kabeljauwse disputes (Source: Westlands Streekhistorie - 2007, jaargang 16, nr 4, pg 4 - Krijn van Dijk).

the unique little village 't Woudt
the unique little village 't Woudt

't Woudt

Multiple ancestors have lived in what's nowadays the smallest village of Netherlands:

DISSIUS, Jacobus Arentsz (BOS-1038)
was reverend in 't Woudt from 1623 to 1662. He lived together with his wife Maria Jansdr v.STARRENBURCH (BOS-1039) in the Voorstraat te Delft. His son Abraham and daughter Jannitge (BOS-519) marry at the same day with children of Joris CLOETINGH (see People from Delft). Abraham becomes just like his father-in-law and brother-in-law master book printer, in 1651 he buys the house and shop "'t Gulden ABC". Jacobus's father Arent Maertensz (BOS-2076) was cloth preparer in Delft.

Others who lived in the same region

BACKER, Stijntge Dircks (GEEST-1051)
was the daughter of Dirck Adriaensz (GEEST-2102) who was a freighter in 's-Gravenzande in the early 17th century, just like her husband Frans Arijensz de Bije (GEEST-1050). Her parents lived in the south corner of the Hoflaan in 's-Gravenzande.

v.d.VALCK, Leuntjen Leenderts (GEEST-271)
was christened in Monster in 1678 as daughter of Leendert Cornelisz (GEEST-542) and Neeltje Jans Brinx (GEEST-543), both of them also from Monster.

BURGER, Frank (BOS-46)
was marketskipper in Monster in 1814.

DOCKUM, Ridder Heijndricksz (GEEST-4280)
was coming from Opmeer (NH), bought in 1579 house, barn, haystack and orchard, in the Holierhoeksepolder in Vlaardingerambacht. His son Cornelis (GEEST-2140) was farmer in the Broekpolder of Vlaardingen.

v.GEEST, Claes Adriaensz (GEEST-2048)
lived at the "geest" in Naaldwijk, was sheriff there.

v.d.LINDEN, Dirk (BOS-22)
was in 1835 mason in Naaldwijk.

v.SANTEN, Willem Huijbrechtsz (BOS-2978)
was shoemaker and at regular times sheriff in De Lier in the period between 1627 and 1651.

SCHIPPER, Frederik Huijgensz (GEEST-574)
was sailor from Ter Heijde and in about 1675 sheriff and chief welfare officer in Monster.

v.STAALDUIJNEN, Joachim Pietersz (GEEST-572)
was in about 1675 farmer and dune mayor at Staalduinen, near Zandambacht.

People from the new cities of Holland

Amsterdam, The Hague and Rotterdam now are the big cities in Holland, some of our ancestors have lived there.

People from Den Haag

The family of Henny's father plus certain leaves from Hans's tree have lived in Den Haag.

ABERDAANS, Elisabeth (BOS-131)
was the mother of Willemina Jakoba Schindelaars (BOS-65). Jacobus Abberdaens and Elizabeth Meijer are probably her parents. They married each other in 1696 in The Hague, he as a widower, she as a young daughter, Jacobus then already had two children from a previous marriage. Elizabeth de Meijer is mentioned once in the baptismal book as a witness to the baptism of Elisabeth's child Jan Jakob Schindelaars. Baptismal records of children of Jacobus could not be found, nor his earlier marriage certificate.
The name seems to be a toponym referring to Aberdeen, Scotland. In the Dutch archives the name appears in particular in Western Noord-Brabant in the surroundings of Geertruidenberg, Raamsdonk, Sprang-Capelle and Etten-Leur.

v.ALKEMADE, Maria (GEEST-107)
was born in 1753 in Loosduinen. Her father Pieter (GEEST-214), her grandfather Arie (GEEST-428), her greatgrandfather Daniel Huijbertsz (GEEST-856) were all born in Loosduinen. No details about them could be found.

ASSBERGS, Maria Alida (GEEST-13)
had six children which were born before she married, they were born between August 1865 and May 1872, but only the oldest, Catharina Wilhelmina and youngest, Maria Hendrika Johanna, were still alive when she married Henricus Wijnants (GEEST-12) in 1872. Henricus recognized both as own child.
Maria Alida was a laundry woman and cleaning lady, her father Franciscus (GEEST-26) was coachman, his father Joannes Josephus (GEEST-52) was brass-founder, his father Pieter Antonius (GEEST-104) stone cutter, he settled in The Hague coming from Germany.

BOUMAN, Dorothea (GEEST-105 )
was baptized in the RC church in the Oude Molstraat. Her father came from Renswoude and is mentioned under the header "Others".

v.d.HARST, Dominicus Petrus (HARST-2)
was waiter i.e. in Hotel Centraal at Den Haag, he married in 1890 to the English Mary Isabel STEVENS (HARST-3).

WIJNANTS, Henricus Marinus (GEEST-6)
was beercarrier and lanternlighter around 1900 in Den Haag.

People from Amsterdam

AMMAN, Jan (BOS-298)
settled in Amsterdam and married there with Engeltje Neetman (BOS-299) in 1699. His marriage record mentions he was born in Hoogkerke which might very well be Hoogkerk in Groningen and practised the profession of tobacco carver. He was of Lutheran religion, lived in the Jordaan neighborhood, in the Tuinstraat and Anjeliersstraat.

People from Rotterdam

People from Brabant and Limburg

A considerable number - mainly Catholic - ancestors of Henny's father and Hans' mother are from the southern provinces of Netherlands, Noord-Brabant and Limburg.

v.BEECK, Maria Ansems Arde (GEEST-97)
was daughter of Anselmus Arde van Beeck (GEEST-194) and Joanna Dircks van Veghel (GEEST-195), they lived in Rosmalen, near Den Bosch.

BOOGERS, Maria (HARST-9)
was the wife of Gerardus Hendrik van der Harst (HARST-8), great-grandparents of Albert and born and raised in The Hague. Her father Abraham (HARST-18) was also born (in 1796) and raised in The Hague, he was paler and later a garbage collector, just like his father Willem (HARST-36). Willem was born in Strijp, nowadays a district of Eindhoven and married Helena Mewissen (HARST-37) in 1791 in The Hague. His parents Abraham (HARST-72) and Petronella Vlemings (HARST-73) married in Blaarthem, nowadays another neighborhood of Eindhoven. Presumably Petronella was the daughter of Arnoldus Henricus and Maria Willibrordus Verberne from the nearby villages of Lierop and Mierlo. We only know that Abraham's parents Hubertus (HARST-144) and Anthonia van der Vorst (HARST-145) came from Strijp.

BRENTIENS, Gertrudis (HARST-303)
was born in 1660 in the village of Echt in Limburg. She's daughter of Joannis (HARST-606) and Petronella Meuissen (HARST-607) from whom we found 8 baptisms, all in Echt.

v.GRAMSBERGEN, Catarina (HARST-183)
came from Maastricht in 1707 when she married Johannes Vernoij (HARST-182) in Amersfoort.

Southerners

Particularly the branches of Henny's as well as Hans's father, but also in Hans's mothers branch we've found ancestors who came from the South, i.e. Belgium and France.

Ancestors from the surroundings of Spa

Because of the good access to the archives of Spa by Georges Heuse on his website www.spahistoire.info we have found quite a few ancestors of Hans's mother from the Spa area. They're all ancestors of Toussaint Dawance (GEEST-50):

BREDAR/l.LOUP, Barbe (GEEST-401)
died on April 27, 1703 in Spa, she was married to Nicolas Dawans (GEEST-400). Her surname le Loup, or "the wolf" was a nickname that goes back to her great-grandfather Remacle le Loup (GEEST-3208), but also the oldest traceable ancestor in a straight line: Collin le LOUP de BREDA (GEEST-102656), who lived the beginning of the 14th (!) century used the name le Loup, but also the surname Bredar or "de Breda". Judging by the findings of Georges Heuse, he was one of the founders of the town of Spa.
Barbe's father, Henry Henry (GEEST-802) was a master blacksmith and lieutenant of the Marquisate of Franchimont. The Marquisate included Spa, Sart, Jalhay, Theux and Verviers and then fell under the Principality of Liège (see: wikipedia). His father Henry Remacle (GEEST-1604) was also a master blacksmith but also alderman and later mayor of Spa. His father Remacle (GEEST-3208) was also a master blacksmith and registrar at Spa. His father Anthoine (GEEST-6416) was also a master blacksmith, he was nicknamed "le Leu". His father Collin (GEEST-12832) was a master blacksmith and used the surname Bredar and nickname "le Petit Collin", probably because his father also used the name Collin (GEEST-25664), who was besides mastersmith also alderman and mayor of Spa. By the way, not only his father, but also his grandfather and great-grandfather used the first name Collin.
Three branches descend from "le Petit Collin", besides said Anthoine was his sister Gillette (GEEST-12865) who married Mathy Xhrouwet (GEEST-12864) and his stepbrother Johan (GEEST-6512), who was nicknamed "Me Grand Seur". The youngest descendant in this line is Anne Marck (GEEST-407) who married Lambert Counet (GEEST-406) in Spa in 1679. Her father was Collin Marck (GEEST-814), son of Marck Collin Me Grand Seur (GEEST-1628), all of whose descendants adopted the surname "Marck". His father Collin Collin (GEEST-3256) was son of the aforementioned Johan. In addition, Collin had a sister Jehenne (GEEST-6439) whom we encounter as an ancestor.
Finally, there is a branch that is somewhat uncertain and probably descends from a son named Johan of the great-grandfather of "le Petit Collin", it concerns Margueritte Wilkin (GEEST-1629), the wife of the earlier in the Bredar branch mentioned Marck Me Grand Seur. She was the daughter of Jacques Wilkin (GEEST-3258). He was probably the son of Wilkin Collin who was the son of Collin "le Grand Collin". His father's name was Thomas who was the son of said Johan.
Occupations of the people in the side branches are not known.
Judging by the professions of the entire branch, it seems that there were relatively many forges within Spa. That is probably related to the springs that Spa has become so famous for, which are helpful in cooling the iron after forging.
Source: www.spahistoire.info.

BROGNARD, Catherine (GEEST-6417)
was the wife of Anthoine Bredar (le Leu). Her father's first name was Pierre.

DAWANCE, Toussaint (GEEST-50)
settled in the late 18th century in The Hague, coming from Spa. One of his ancestors, Collin le LOUP de BREDA (GEEST-102656) can be traced back to the early 14th (!) century and happens to be one of the founders of the village of Spa.

Southerners who settled in the Netherlands in the 16th and 17th centuries

At the end of the 16th and early 17th centuries - the time the Spaniards terrorized the Calvinist regions - many immigrants from the south settled in the area now called the Netherlands, especially in the western cities: Amsterdam , Haarlem, Middelburg, Rotterdam and Leiden. So many of them were Calvinists, supporters of Jehan Calvin / Cauvin, a reformer who can be regarded as one of the most important founders of the Dutch Reformed Church. These newcomers caused an enormous economic revival, referred to as "Golden Age", which in turn triggered a stream of migrants who came for economic reasons. It is difficult to distinguish one from the other.
The influx in Leiden was extreme, the population increased from 15,000 to 45,000 between 1575 and 1622, in Delft that growth was a lot less strong, from 18,000 to 22,000 (source: De Zuidnederlandse immigratie 1572-1630 - Dr. J. Briels - 1978). In the initial phase of the migration (around 1575), Delft was much more reluctant to admit the foreigners, but a little later (around 1595) it was made attractive for them to come to Delft too.
Many of the newcomers came from Artois, Flanders and Hainaut, counties that were originally part of the Habsburg Netherlands (also known as the "Seventeen Provinces"). The county of Artois had the capital Arras (Atrecht) and had a cloth and carpet weaving industry from the Middle Ages, so it was not surprising that they settled precisely in Leiden and Delft (both Leiden and Delft had these within their gates). (source: wikipedia).
The newcomers also took their knowledge with them to found new industries, the faience industry (Delft Blue) is an example of this.

BAILLIJ/BALIJFF, Margueritte (BOS-545)
was of Walloon or French descent, we can deduce from the fact that all the baptisms of the children of her parents, Jean (BOS-1090) and Catherinne Fosse (BOS-1091) took place in the Walloon church in Delft. Jean was a soldier when he married in Delft in 1637.

BLANCE / BLANCHE, Paul (HARST-352)
was employed in the cloth industry of Leiden and came from the Languedoc, as mentioned in his marriage certificate of 1698. His wife Susanna van Neth (HARST-353) came from Guise in northern France.

BOLLERTS/BOLLE, Catalina (BOS-5529)
married Carel Heugebaerts (BOS-5528) in 1585 in Leiden. Their marriage certificate states that they were both from Nieuwkerke in Flanders, near the French town of Belle. In 1605 they lived in the house called "de Kloot" on the Oosteinde in Delft. At least as it is stated in burial acts that report the death of 5 of their children and her husband, they died within a week, probably victims of the plague. Catalina died in old age (over 80) in 1647 and then lived in the Achtersack.

BOURGO, Marie (HARST-717)
married in 1646 in Leiden Jean del Tombe (HARST-716). The act mentions that she came from Artois and lived in the Breestraat in Leiden.

v.d.BRANT, Arien Ariensz (GEEST-3038)
was son of Adriaen Adriaensz and Elisabeth Jans and married in 1608 in Rotterdam to Tanneken Jans (GEEST-3039). When they were married in 1608, both are reported to have come from Antwerp, this is confirmed by a Delft act from 1621, which also mentions his job as a linen weaver.

v.d.BUSSCHE, Catelijntge Jans (BOS-5689)
is the mother of Guillaume d'Ogiers (BOS-2844) and lived in Haarlem. As late as 1642 she is mentioned as the testator of a house on the Oosteinde in Lisse. We also come across her in an index of wills of Mennonites from Haarlem, in 1604 she had made a will and stated that she left all her goods to the poor. This index states that she came from Oostrozebeke (more than 10 km north of Kortrijk, Belgium). We meet her presumed father Jan in the "Memoriael van de overkomste der Vlamingen hier binnen Haerlem", which mentions that he came from between Meenen and Yperen (about 15 km west of Kortrijk).

l.GRAND, Jean (HARST-726)
was a cloth worker and came from Amiens, his wife Esther Willemo (HARST-727) came from Calais, they married in 1653 in Leiden.

STEEN, Jasper Jansz (HARST-2896)
was wool comber and came from Hondschote in the north of France, his wife Cathelijne Duponsen (HARST-2897) was from Kassel in the north of France, they married in 1602 and settled in Leiden.

v.HURCK, Frans Pietersz (BOS-5532)
was in 1590 preparer of woollen goods in Delft, coming from Antwerpen. His son Frans (BOS-2766) practised the same profession and also owned a warehouse at the Rietveld in Delft. Both have lived in the Kerkstraat, at the northside of the Nieuwe Kerk.

JOLIJ, Jean (GEEST-62)
was strawhatmaker in Zutphen and coming from Wonck (Belgium) in the Jekerdal.

MENSAERT, Anthonis Markusz (BOS-516)
was lockmaker and blacksmith in Delft, he came from Bergen op Zoom. He lived in ca 1650 at the Oude Delft, near the corner of the Binnenwatersloot. Just like his wife Marijtge v.d.SLEIJDE (BOS-517) he died at a young age. His son Johannes (BOS-258) lived in the Choorstraat at the corner of the Papenstraat.

v.TAERTEN, Adriaen (BOS-5530)
came from the Flemish town Diksmuide. He married in 1587 at Leiden to Maeyken Michiels CORDIER (BOS-4431) who came from the now French town Hondschoote. They moved to Delft.

Germans

Spread across the genealogy of Henny's father and Hans his father and mother, we come across ancestors of German descent, i.e. from regions that are nowadays in Germany, a good number come from the border regions, where sometimes (such as in the Duchy of Kleef and Gulik) Dutch or Lower Rhine-Diets dialect was spoken till the 18th century. Their family names are:

ÄHLEN, Jan-Bernd (GEEST-38)
was laborer and lived in the environment of Hannover. His daughter Anna Margaretha Engel (GEEST-19) settled in Delft.

ASSBERGS, Pieter Antonius (GEEST-104)
came from the Düsseldorf area, he settled in The Hague before 1795 as a stone cutter. His descendants continued to live in The Hague.

BAUMANN, Susanna Veronika (BOS-55)
died in 1818 at the Hooikade in The Hague at the age of 64 from a lung disease.
Almost all people with the last name Baumann that we find in the city archives of The Hague are descended from Samson Gottlieb Baumann and Maria Barbara Fährlin. They were from the Lutheran religion and came from Neuenhaus resp. Schaffhausen in the border region of Germany / Switzerland. Much information can be found about this family, there is even a pedigree series from Samson Gottlieb that goes back to Charlemagne. Hans's ancestor Susanna Veronika Baumann is probably the daughter or niece of this Samson Gottlieb. She married Johannes Jurrien Smit (BOS-54), who practiced the same profession as Samson Gottlieb, namely barber / surgeon, the marriage act reports she came from Namur (nowadays Belgium). At the baptism of Marie Elizabet Smit, Maria Elizabet Baumann witnessed, the latter being baptized in 1762 as the daughter of Samson Gottlieb and Maria Barbara.

BEECKHUIJSEN, Reijnier (BOS-362)
was a soldier when he married Annetjen Bobij in The Hague in 1674, she came from Amsterdam, he came from the Gulikerland, a region north-east of Aachen in the vicinity of Jülich; In 1688 he remarried Maria van der Beeck (BOS-363) from Gorinchem.

v.d.BEEK, Alexander (BOS-366)
was from Wesel, across the border near Nijmegen, as mentioned at his marriage in 1685 in The Hague to Helena Groenevelt (BOS-367).

BODENKAMP, Margaretha (BOS-123)
came from Schüttorf, a little east of Oldenzaal.

BOL, Reijnier Hendricksz (BOS-838)
came from Goch and settled in Leiden around 1643 as a cloth worker.

BREUKEL, Maria (BOS-243)
came from Haselünne, in Westphalia, just across the border near Emmen.

FLORQUIJN, Jeanne (BOS-839)
came from Aachen, with her parents Jacob and Marij, siblings and uncle Jan with his family. They settled at the beginning of the 17th century in the Langegracht, on the north side of Leiden and worked in the cloth industry.

DOLL, Johannes (GEEST-54)
came from Andernach near Koblenz settled in Beverwijk, when he married (in 1806) he was soldier with the marines, afterwards he became a coppersmith.

OPPERHUIJSER, Johan Martin (BOS-120)
was learning tailor in Leiden at the time of his marriage in 1757, hij came from Darmstadt, Hessen.

Zutphen and De Achterhoek

Hans's great grandmother Elisabeth Petronella Maria Schmitz (GEEST-7) came from Zutphen. Some of her ancestors came from Zutphen and the region South-East of that city called "De Achterhoek". In this region we encounter many hamlets, in essence these are villages without a center, so without a church and square. Many surnames end here with "ink", "inck" or "ing", which you can refer to as "from the house".

AKKERMAN, Joannes (GEEST-120)
was registered as citizen in 1795 in Zutphen, but he lived there already in 1774 when he married his first wife Alberdina Mulders. He was tanner, just like his son Everardus Joannes (GEEST-60). Evert bought a house in 1828 from the Catholic poor administration in a street called Barlheze. We find Evert's son Joannes (GEEST-30) frequently in the civil register and addressbooks of Zutphen between 1840 and 1890. He lived at at least 17 different addresses, most frequently in a street called Barlheze, de Rozengracht and the Krintestraatje and was shoemaker.

BEERLING, Dirkje (BOS-61)
was born in Leiden and married Johannes Oppertsheusser (BOS-60), Dirkje's father Hermannus (BOS-122) was a bread baker and lived there in the Lokhorststraat, his parents Dirk (BOS-244) and Gerritje Remmelink (BOS-245) lived there on the Middelweg. Dirk was skipper in Amsterdam, he was from Varsseveld, as is mentioned in his first marriage act from 1734 with Maria Agnis Spijkers, in 1737 he married Gerritje Remmelink, who, like Dirk, came from Varsseveld.
The village of Varsseveld was hit by a large fire in 1723, which apparently started at the local blacksmith and destroyed the entire village. 54 Houses and the church were burned, only three houses were not affected. Fl. 65,000 was collected through a national collection, with which the residents were compensated (source: wikipedia). A number of residents sought refuge in Leiden, including Gerritje and Dirk.

BUINCK, Henderica (GEEST-127)
is great grandmother of Henderica Everdina Akkerman (GEEST-15) and ancestor of Hans in a straight maternal line. She was born in 1767 in Groenlo, but left for Zutphen. In the Achterhoek we come across the name Boeijinck / Boijinck / Buinck frequently. The Boeijink branch of my family tree is originally a farmers family who have lived on a number of distinguished farms in the triangle between Groenlo, Winterswijk and Vreeden in Germany.
Henderica's father Jan Willem (GEEST-254) came from the hamlet of Zwolle, near Groenlo, his father Berent (GEEST-508) lived on De Braak and on the Gelderse Es in the hamlet located to the southeast called Meddo. Berent's father Berentt (GEEST-1016), his father Jan (GEEST-2032) and finally his father Hindrick (GEEST-4064) all came from the same hamlet, Meddo. The baptisms of their children usually took place in Groenlo and Winterswijk.

BOIJNCK, Geeske (GEEST-8137)
was the wife of Lambert Poelhuijs (GEEST-8136) and married his brother Jan after his death. Geeske was the daughter of Herman (GEEST-16274) who came from the hamlet of Huppel, within the municipality of Winterswijk. Only the first name Jutte is known of her mother.

Ancestors from the heart of the Netherlands: De Betuwe

In the branch of Hans his mother we find Gerret Schoenmaker (GEEST-68) who was born in Tricht, but married in 1753 in 's-Gravenzande, in Het Westland. We also find Arien Kievit (GEEST-70), who was also born in Tricht, moved to Westland and married in 1753 in 's-Gravenzande. The synchronicity of these events is striking and suggests that they (or probably their parents) were forced by circumstances to leave their birthplace. If we look at the region in which Tricht is located, then this will probably be related to dyke breaches, thus searching for that period in the history of the region we find frequent dyke breaches in the years 1725 and 1740/1741. The floods of 1740/1741 stand out because of their vastness: an area from Kleve to the Biesbosch was hit. In particular, the Alblasserwaard and the Vijfherenlanden located more to the West were almost completely submerged in water, the Over-Betuwe located more to the East was also submerged for five to seven weeks. Due to the gradual increase in the water level, the number of human casualties has remained low, although there have been reports of the drowning of several thousand head of cattle. Rescue work and emergency relief in 1741 were primarily a matter for the cities of Arnhem and Wageningen and private aid committees. Special is the assistance provided by the committee, which was established in Holland in 1741 and concerned the fate of the victims in the entire river area. As far as we know, this was the first time that such a committee was set up. (Source: Tijdschrift voor Waterstaatsgeschiedenis 12 (2003); web version 2006 - "Nooyt heard hooge waeteren" - J van Zellem). It is not unlikely that this has led to a small migration.
Less remarkable, but noteworthy, is that the children of the aforementioned Gerret and Arien married each other: in 1786 Arij Schoenmaker (GEEST-34) married Lidewij de Kievit (GEEST-35) in 's-Gravenzande. Many of their ancestors come from the regions of Tricht, which is known on a larger scale under the name De Betuwe.

the village Buren in "De Betuwe"
the village Buren in "De Betuwe"


v.BEEST, Aefke Gijsberts (GEEST-1123)
lived in 1686 in Tricht, but her surname is most likely a toponym referring to the nearby village called Beesd.

Ancestors from the head of Overijssel

Hans's great-great-grandmother Margaretha Beute (BOS-9) and a large number of her ancestors came from the North-West of Overijssel: Steenwijk and the surrounding area, in the corner of the provinces of Overijssel, Friesland and Drenthe. In this region the working colonies were founded by the "Maatschappij van Weldadigheid" (Society of Humanitarianism) in the 19th century (see wikipedia), but long before that (ca. 13th century) they were digging the peat soils there, initially to convert them in agricultural soils, but since the 16th century people have been concentrating on peat extraction for use as fuel. In many provinces, peat areas were often purchased by private individuals united in consortia, or by municipal and regional governments, but in Overijssel, peat extraction was primarily a matter for individuals. The national, provincial and local government benefited by levying tolls (for transit) and impost (for exports). (Source: Vier eeuwen turfwinning - Gerding, M.A.W. - Wageningen University and Research).

BEUTE, Margaretha (BOS-9)
married at the age of 21 in Delft with Wilhelmus Johannes van den Bos (BOS-8). When she married, in 1861, she was very pregnant, Johannes Wilhelmus (BOS-4), Hans' great-grandfather, was born 5 days after the marriage. Margaretha was born in Steenwijk, gave birth in Delft to 3 viable and 6 stillborn children and died in childbirth at the age of 37. Her sisters Johanna, Hendrika and Albertje and her brother Marten went to Delft with her. Their father Nicolaas Waterbeek (BOS-18) - his second first name was the surname of his mother - was a tailor in Steenwijk, he lived among others in the Onnastraat, Weemstraat and Scholestraat, he died in 1863, in Steenwijk. His father Rijkent (BOS-36) was a shoemaker and lived in the Gasthuisstraat in Steenwijk, his sister Annigjen was a colonist in colony I, Frederiksoord, one of the free colonies of the "Maatschappij van Weldadigheid" that were founded around 1820 to help the poor. Their father Marten (BOS-72) was a ferryman between Steenwijk and Zwolle, lived in the Woldstraat at the time of his death and was born in Wanneperveen. Marten's father Hermen (BOS-144) was a peat digger and peat boss. He was baptized in Kolderveen and lived in Dinxterveen. His father Harmen Hermannsz (BOS-288) also came from that corner and practiced the same profession, he was married in 1719 to Annigjen Hendriks (BOS-289).

Others

Ancestors who can't be placed in previous listed categories, but from whom some information is available, are:

v.BALLEGOIJ Stephania (HARST-355)
is from Grave (on the Brabant side of the Maas near Nijmegen), as mentioned at her first marriage, in 1684 in Leiden with Claes Claesz vander Back. She is probably the daughter of Thomas Peters from Balgoij (located on the Gelderland side of the Maas) who married Marie Tissen Jonck in 1656 in Grave. The first names of her brothers Matthijs and Pieter whom we encounter as witnesses at the baptisms of her children and the names of her children Thomas and Maria (HARST-177) are a strong indication of this.

t.BOCK, Judith (BOS-51)
was born in 1765 in Nijmegen from Joris (BOS-102) and Joanna Bos (BOS-103), she was baptized with the Friars Minor (Franciscans). Her brothers were masons by profession.

BOUMANS, Joannes (GEEST-210)
was the father of Dorothea who is mentioned under residents of The Hague. Joannes was born in Renswoude, but married in The Hague. He was the son of Henricus (GEEST-420) and Angela Harms van Veelen (GEEST-421). Henricus died in 1779 in Renswoude (in the province of Utrecht), 5 months after his son Joannes (in The Hague) died, who died at the age of 48.

BRERO/BREDERODE, Neeltje (BOS-355)
was born in Lisse in 1679. Her father-in-law was a linen weaver in Monster. It seems that Neeltje's father Pieter (BOS-710) worked in the flax cultivation and linen industry, which was of significance in the region around Lisse. Flax processing is mainly seasonal and is largely limited to winter. Pieter was married to Catlijntje Benjamins d'Ogiers (BOS-711). Pieter's father is Gerrit Leendertsz (BOS-1420). In 1633 he bought a house and yard on the Veenderlaan (now Stationsweg) in Lisse from the heirs of his father-in-law. He was a tenant of a piece of land called the Garstkamp in Lisserbroek.
The surname is probably a toponym referring to the "Heerlijkheid Brederode", the dune area near Haarlem, Overveen and Hillegom.

d'OGIERS, Catlijntje Benjamins (BOS-711)
is daughter of Benjamin Guillaume (BOS-1422). His wife's name is unknown, but his father Guillaume (BOS-2844) is known to have married Jannetje Aernts (BOS-2845) in Lisse in 1597. Jannetje came from Lisse, but Guillaume from Haarlem. Guillaume is mentioned in 1605 in Lisse as a linen weaver, his last name is uncertain, in 1620 he witnesses at the wedding of his daughter Susanna and is then called d'Ogiers, we also see the names Vogi ​​(j) ers and Rogi (j) ers. His parents were Andries (BOS-5688) and Catelijntge Jans van den Bussche (BOS-5689).
Searching the internet for the name Ogiers in Haarlem quickly leads to the story of Anneke Ogiers, which played in 1570 (ie before the liberation that took place in Haarlem in 1577) and was recorded in the "Martelaersspiegel van Van Braght" and the " History of the Martyrs of Haemstede ", it seems likely that she is related to Andries. In short: because this Anneke was known as godly, but never went to mass, her maid was questioned whether Anneke was a heretic, confessed that her mistress read and prayed a Lutheran Bible every morning. Anneke confessed that she had been baptized in Amsterdam in 1557, was convicted of heresy and was killed by drowning on June 17, 1570 in Haarlem. After the Reformation, she became a martyr for the Mennonites. (See also: Digital Women's Lexicon of the Netherlands)).

d.ROIJ(EN), Grietgen Aelberts (BOS-2753)
was before she married Thomas de Blij (BOS-2752), married to Herbert Ewoutsz van Asch in 1622 in Utrecht. She is probably the daughter of Aelbert Jacobsz and Aefgen Gijsberts van Weeldens, they married each other in 1587 in Utrecht. Aelbert remarried shortly after Aefgen's death in 1610 with Geertruijt Remmers.

VERNOIJ, Johannes (HARST-182)
was born at the end of the 17th century in Wijk bij Duurstede, married Catarina van Gramsbergen (HARST-183) in 1707 in Amersfoort and had their children baptized in Amersfoort, resp. Delft. Their daughter Jacoba (HARST-91) married Jacob Benning (HARST-90) in Leiden.

COOL, Jacob Teunisz (BOS-1122)
came from the Diefdijk (a very old dike) near Leerdam. He married in 1640 in Buren (province of Gelderland) to Willemke DIRCKs (BOS-1123) and moved shortly afterwards to Delft.

DEELEN, Johannes Christophorus (GEEST-22)
was pottery baker in Delft, he descends from Jan Michielsz DELEN (GEEST-1408) who e.g. was mayor in 1626 of the village "De Rul" near Heeze. Joannes' mother Wilhelmina v.RIEL (GEEST-54) was cleaning lady.

ELSING, Maria (GEEST-53)
was cleaning lady in Den Haag, she came from Sneek.

GROENHEIJDE, Waling Bastiaensz (GEEST-570)
was farmer in Abtsrecht, a village just south of Delft.

KNIP, Willem (BOS-24)
was a foundling, a child deserted by his parents, unfortunately not very uncommon at that time (1790) and place (Amsterdam). He moved to Den Haag where he married Maria Keijzer (BOS-25) and became a construction worker.

v.d.KOOIJ, Pleun Michielsz (GEEST-2272)
was farmer and duck catcher/cager at the Kooijwoning in the Zuidpolder of Delfgauw, he is nameholder of the name Van der KOOIJ.

MIDDENDORP, Harmen Dirksz (BOS-552)
had the Lutheran religion, all his children were christened in the Lutheran church in Delft. He lived in ca 1675 at the corner of the Rietveld with the Raam in Delft.

PENNINGH, Willem Pietersz (BOS-9040)
was steersman of a buss around 1590. His son Cornelis (BOS-4520) was skipper and his son Willem (BOS-2260) was also a sailor. Of his son Willem (BOS-1130) a notary document was found from 1650 that states that he was ready to sail for Greenland. They all lived in Schiedam.

PRINS, Dirk (BOS-178)
came from Poortugaal, moved to Het Westland to marry Maartje LANDERSHOF (BOS-179) from 's-Gravenzande he settled later at Voorne-Putten where he christened his children (at Simonshaven).

BULT, Joanna (GEEST-121)
came from the village of Hengelo (Gld), just North of Doetinchem in 1777 she married the widower Jan AKKERMAN (GEEST-120) from Zutphen.

the charming church of Simonshaven
the charming church of Simonshaven

the Orphan chamber of Delft
A painting at the wall of the former Orphan chamber in the town hall of Delft

Families registered in the Orphan chamber of Delft

In Delft a primitive Orphan chamber was founded in 1355, it was the first Orphan chamber in Holland (source: 't Weeshuijs binnen Delft by Ingrid van der Vlis).
The Orphan chamber was a council created to defend the rights of underage children who had lost a parent. The members of the council met on a regular basis to review all new orphaned families in the town hall (in a special room called the Orphan chamber). Every parent had the right to appoint a guardian, if this hadn't been done, the orphan chamber appointed a relative as guardian. The chamber primarily protected the financial rights of the children, their family still had to take care for their education and upbringing. If the family wasn't able to raise the children, this task was expedited to a foster family. If no family was known, an institution called "the Holy Spirit" was involved which was responsible for the wellfare of the poor in general. This institution was financed by the city which also appointed the management (the Heilige Geestmeesters), the members of the Orphan chamber were also appointed by the city.
The occasion of a parent dieing before his/her children had reached adultness happened frequently in the past. If this happened the Orphan chamber was involved and a registration took place. A family had the option to exclude the Orphan chamber by means of a notary will, this will had to make clear that there were sufficient means to raise the children. If the Orphan chamber was not excluded, it lawfully became the owner of the childrens inheritance, typically the household effects were sold and the money invested, whilst creating a provision for the remaining parent. Many times the household effects hardly had any value, which implied that the city had to financially support the upbringing. In the 17-th and 18-th century in Delft, but probably even more in Amsterdam, we see that the poor orphan boys were sent to the ships of the VOC at a really young age (14 was not unusual).
Delft Orphan chamber registrations
Registration date Parents Occasion Orphans
1642-07-04 Jacob Davidszn Beun and Lijsbet Leenderts Bonger death of Jacob David 3 yr
1649-09-15 Adriaen Adriaensz van den Brant and his mother Lijsbeth Jans death of Adriaen Adriaensz Maddeleentgen 19 jr
1674-07-28 Claes Willemsz van der Block and Marijtie Laurens van Maelen death of Claes Ariaentie 2 yr
Claesijntie 1 yr
1680-03-29 Jan Abrahamsz van den Benden and Trijntgen Jans death of his childless sister Bastiaentge Abrahams Abraham 18 yr
Arien 16 yr
1694-12-07 Jan Thomasz de Blij and Helena Jans van Kleef death of Jan and Helena Elsie 24 yr
Grietie 21 yr
1698-02-19Jacob Mabeljon and Jannetje Gerrits Beeck death of Jacob Marijtje 2 yr
1711-10-23 Daniel de Blij and Pieternella van der Hoeve death of Pieternella Pieter 22 yr
Anna 18 yr
Lena 15 yr
Thomas 12 yr
Lijsbet 9 yr
Pieternelle 8 yr
1723-07-03 Jan de Bleij and Anna Maria Sinneschal death of Anna Maria Jan 10 yr
Jacobus 8 yr
Pieter 5 yr
1729-11-04 Marinus van Beemen and Geertruijd Hoeckgeest death of Geertruijd Maria 19 1/2 yr
Pieter 17 1/4 yr
Marinus 14 3/4 yr
Magteld 13 1/2 yr
1751-01-30 Barent Verhagen and Magteld van Beemen death of Magteld Barent 12 3/4 yr
Marinus 9 yr
Johannes 7 1/4 yr
Pieter 4 1/4 yr
1770-05-11 Robbert Boonaard and Anna Maria Muijsman death of Anna Maria and Robbert Jacobus 20 yr


The following ancestral families excluded the Orphan chamber by will:
Delft Orphan chamber registrations of exclusions
Registration dateParentsOccasion
1718-02-18Dirck Ackersdijck and Angeniesie Westhoorndeath of Dirck
1736-05-26Arent de Vree and Angeniesie Westhoorndeath of Arent
1755-11-21 Jan de Blij and Kniertje van Engelen death of Jan
1784-07-10 Robbertus Boonaart and Sophia Leenderts death of Sophia
1808-11-25 Robbertus Bonaart and Alida Kune death of Robbertus

Persons from the family tree who have worked on the ships of the Dutch East India Company

Louis, brother of Paul Blanche (HARST-88), was employed by the Dutch East India Company at the age of 19 for the Delft chamber. For as far as we could trace, he made one return trip to Batavia. His trip to Batavia was in 1762 on a ship called Bleijswijk, the return trip was in 1766 on a ship clled the Lapienenburg (for the Amsterdam chamber). In both cases, he was a helper for sailors.

Historical context

Over the centuries, we can recognize big scale changes in society:
Before the French period (from 1795 to 1813), professions for which one had to be a member of a guild were not accessible to persons who did not adhere to the state religion (Dutch Reformed). In many cases, this represented a significant limitation in their development opportunities. This prohibition explains to a large extent why we see the ancestors of Jewish descent frequently referred to as "merchants", it was also an important reason why some of them chose for a profession in the banking system. This restriction did not only apply to Jewish residents, but also to the large group of Catholics in our country.
You can clearly identify the tendency of families living in the countryside to move to the city as the population increases with time:
The three oldest generations of ACKERSDIJCK (Arent Heijndricksz, Aam Arentsz and Phillips Aamsz) were farmers in Overschie/Akkersdijk and Vlaardingerambacht, but the next generation (Dirck Phillipsz) moved to the city of Delft at the end of the 17-th century.
The practice of science and its effect on innovation and lifespan: particularly as a result of the reformation at the end of the 16th century, society changed from a predominantly peasant to a predominantly industrial society. The role that newcomers played in this is undeniable. With them came knowledge and there was an increasing understanding of the need to collect knowledge. Looking at the development of medicine and care, for example, we see major changes in the death rate of children between the beginning and end of the 17th century. Plague epidemics that mainly housed in the old cities were less frequent and claimed fewer victims. The realization that fleas were responsible for plague and that they were spread mainly through rats was only discovered in 1898 (source: wikipedia), but the realization that hygiene and malnutrition had a major impact on the chance of survival became increasingly clear. Numerous regulations have been issued to combat epidemics, plague doctors have been appointed and plague houses have been built, some canals have been damped.
Delft and Leiden are known to have been affected by the following plague epidemics:
Plague epidemics in Delft and Leiden
yearvictims in Delftvictims in Leiden
1557/586.000
1601-041.0009.000
1624/254.00010.000
16351.00015.000
165510.000
1664500

In Leiden, a stone plague house was built outside the city gates (now part of the Naturalis museum) in 1661, and a start was made in 1669 with the damping of a number of canals. In Delft a plague house was built outside the Oostpoort in 1664 (the plague house on the Verwersdijk was hit by the gunpowder disaster), but after the 1664 epidemic it no longer served as such.
(source Delft: Delfia Batavorum, Jaaboek 2017 - Kees van der Wiel and Peter Ekamper, source Leiden: www.hollebeek.nl)

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